What is pediatric otolaryngology, and why would your child need to visit this type of medical practice? Also known as a pediatric ENT doctor, this type of healthcare specialist treats conditions of the ear, nose, and throat in children. If your child's pediatrician recommended a visit to an ENT, take a look at what you need to know about otolaryngology. What Does An ENT Treat? Again, these pediatric specialists treat conditions and diseases of the E-N-T—or ear, nose, and throat.